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What is Certificate of Analysis (COA) for?

When it comes to shipping goods internationally, ensuring the quality and safety of your products is paramount. One critical aspect that arises during this process is the requirement for a Certificate of Analysis (COA). While not a commonly requested export document, it holds significant importance, particularly for items in industries such as pharmaceuticals, food, and chemicals. Customers might demand a COA to validate the quality and safety standards of exported products. If you’re importing goods into the US or other countries, regulatory bodies like the FDA often mandate a COA.

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At IDP Cargo, we understand the pivotal role a COA plays in validating product quality and adhering to stringent regulatory standards. Whether you’re exporting from Bali to the US or any other destination globally, our comprehensive freight forwarding services encompass support and guidance on COAs and other essential export documents.

Who Requires a Certificate of Analysis?

The necessity for a COA spans across diverse industries. Whether you’re dealing with consumables like medicines and food or handling machinery and toys, a COA could be a prerequisite. These certificates serve as assurances that consumable goods are safe for consumption and that products meet specific regulatory or safety requirements, ensuring compliance with industry standards.

Manufacturers, distributors, regulatory agencies like the FDA or the European Medicines Agency (EMA), and even end consumers benefit from the inclusion of a COA. It instills confidence in the quality and reliability of the product.

Creating a Certificate of Analysis

The process of generating a COA involves several crucial steps to ensure accuracy and reliability. Sampling, testing, meticulous documentation, and verification are integral parts of creating a comprehensive COA. Sampling involves collecting product samples at various production stages, ensuring they accurately represent the entire batch. Rigorous testing, including physical, chemical, and microbiological analysis, follows suit. All relevant test results and information are documented meticulously to offer a comprehensive overview of the product’s quality.

Information on a Certificate of Analysis

A well-crafted COA includes essential details that validate the product’s quality and safety. Information such as supplier contact details, material specifics, transportation requirements, conformance standards, and an authorized signature affirming accuracy are integral components.

Implications of Not Using a Certificate of Analysis

Opting out of obtaining a COA can have severe consequences. Loss of trust among customers and consumers, non-compliance with industry regulations leading to fines or legal actions, delayed audits due to product recalls or holds, and a competitive disadvantage against rivals who provide COAs are among the potential pitfalls.

Certificate of Analysis (COA) vs COC

What is the Difference between COC and COA?

The Certificate of Conformity (COC) and the Certificate of Analysis (COA) are both important documents in international trade, but they serve different purposes and provide distinct information. Let’s explore the key differences between COC and COA:


Certificate of Conformity (COC): A COC is a document issued by an authorized party, such as a third-party certification body or a government agency, to certify that the shipped products conform to specified standards or regulations. It verifies that the goods meet the required technical, safety, and quality standards of the importing country.

Certificate of Analysis (COA): On the other hand, a COA is primarily focused on the composition and quality of a specific product. It provides detailed information about the testing and analysis conducted on the product to ensure it meets predetermined criteria, especially in industries such as pharmaceuticals, food, and chemicals.


Certificate of Conformity (COC): A COC typically includes information related to the conformity of the entire shipment to regulatory or industry standards. It may cover aspects like product specifications, safety standards, and environmental requirements.

Certificate of Analysis (COA): A COA, on the other hand, specifically details the results of testing and analysis conducted on a sample of the product. It includes information about the composition, quality, and safety aspects of the product.

Issuing Authority

Certificate of Conformity (COC): COCs are often issued by government authorities, regulatory bodies, or accredited third-party certification agencies authorized by the importing country.

Certificate of Analysis (COA): COAs are typically issued by laboratories or testing facilities that have analyzed the product. In some cases, exporters may issue COAs if agreed upon by the buyer.

Industry Application

Certificate of Conformity (COC): COCs are commonly associated with a wide range of products and industries, ensuring compliance with overarching standards set by the importing country.

Certificate of Analysis (COA): COAs are particularly significant in industries where the composition, quality, and safety of the product are critical, such as pharmaceuticals, food, and chemicals.

Focus on Testing

Certificate of Conformity (COC): While COCs may involve testing, the emphasis is on overall conformity to standards rather than detailed testing results.

Certificate of Analysis (COA): COAs provide in-depth details about the specific testing procedures, results, and the overall quality of the tested product.

Why Choose IDP Cargo for Your Freight Forwarding Needs?

At IDP Cargo, our commitment to ensuring the seamless export of goods from Bali to the US and other global destinations sets us apart. We offer comprehensive support, including guidance on crucial export documents like the COA, thereby ensuring your compliance with international regulations and bolstering confidence in your product’s quality and safety.

In conclusion, the inclusion of a Certificate of Analysis is crucial when shipping goods internationally, guaranteeing adherence to quality and safety standards. At IDP Cargo, our expertise in navigating the complexities of international shipping, coupled with our commitment to providing unparalleled support, makes us the ideal choice for your freight forwarding needs. Contact us for seamless, reliable, and compliant shipping solutions from Bali to the US and beyond.

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